Aphelinus abdominalis is a parasitoid wasp that parasitizes larger aphid species such as Potato aphid and Foxglove aphid, and the adults also kill aphids by feeding on them. Aphelinus works slower than Aphidius species, but has a much longer adult life span.
Aphelinus are small wasps approximately 3mm long with a short body and short antennae. The have a black head and thorax, and a yellow abdomen, and resemble Encarsia formosa but are more than 3x larger.
Aphelinus have a long adult life span which can last several weeks under appropriate conditions. The females lay 5-10 eggs per day throughout their lifecycle. The female lays a single egg inside the body of a aphid (typically a 2nd or 3rd instar nymph), and the egg hatches and feeds on the living body of the aphid, eventually killing it. A dead, parasitized aphid is known as a “mummy; the mummies of Aphelinus are black in colour. The fully developed parasitoid chews a hole in the outer casing of the mummy and emerges and begins searching for new aphids to parasitize. Development from egg to adult takes approximately 2-3 weeks. Adult Aphelinus also kill aphids by feeding on them.
Recommendations for use
Aphelinus are not very strong fliers and should therefore be placed near aphid hot spots for maximum efficacy. Aphelinus work best when released either preventatively or when aphids first appear in the crop.
- Aphlelinus are sold as mummies in bottles with buckwheat hulls or wood shavings as a carrier material
- Refer to the Quality Assurance of Biocontrol Products to determine the quality of the Aphelinus at receipt at the greenhouse.
- While they can be stored at 8-10°C, cold storage for more than 1-2 days after receipt may decrease their quality
- Sprinkle mummies directly on leaves, or in a thin layer in a distribution box nested within the plant canopy
- If aphid colonies are already present, release mummies near infested plants
- Distribute in greenhouse within 1 day of receipt
- Preventative: 0.25-1/m2
- Curative: 2-4/m2
- Aphelinus performs best at 60-80% humidity and between 20-24°C
- Aphelinus tolerate hot conditions better than Aphidius species, but performance declines above 32°C
- Parasitized aphids, aka “mummies”, look like aphids that have hardened, leathery black skin
- Mummies should appear in your crop around 2 weeks after initial release